/ Bogotá/ San Antonio de Tequendama/ Poma /Sutatausa Cundinamarca, Colombia
The International Rock Art Seminar-Workshop (No 2 ) during two weeks
– 25-31 July and 2011 includes:-Food (standard) ,housing in the Rural Bochica Site (Santandercito area), San Antonio de Tequendama township.
-1- 7 August 2011. includes:-Food (standard) ,housing in the Rural Bochica Site (Santandercito area), San Antonio de Tequendama township
- Accommodation, food, publicatons and working material will be provided at a cost of for one week per person € 350,00; US $475,00 Cad $480,00
We have two weeks .
Rock Art Landscape/Archaeology
The Indigenous Rock Art Investigation Group Gipri is an independent non-governmental organization (NGO) that has been investigating and studying rock art motifs in Colombia since 1970.
Its experience in investigation has led it to develop two large groups of themes. In the first one, special attention is paid to theoretical topics, to the historic studies about documentation methods and the history of interpretations. In the second one, field work experience has permitted the formulation and change, during different periods of the registry systems and detailed descriptions of rock art and things associated with it. A methodological model permits the collection of detailed information about rock art motifs, about the general composition of the site, its location and a first pass diagnosis about the state of conservation, including the paintings, engravings, and the substrata.
As a complement to those studies, now stabilized, investigations associated with the materials (pigments) and about the instruments that were used to make the paintings and engravings have been initiated. The objectives of the new phase of study are: the reconstruction of the way of we operate, and the study of the composition and the technologies used by the pre-Columbian inhabitants.
Publication of the Rupestre bulletin: Arte Rupestre in Colombia, the coordination of the host server (http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/arte_y_rupestre/), and participation in different national and international congresses constitute its fundamental activities. The last objective is to study the representational systems, the language and thought processes that these aesthetic systems contain.
- The description of the details of the sites is seen in a formal structure (description field notes) that permit the organization of graphic, photographic and cartographic information.
- Various forms help to describe graphically and photographically each and every one of the sections in which basic information is collected, that will be used in the visual reconstruction of the motifs, and to evaluate their state of conservation. The different aspects additionally have a relationship to the data bases, whose information is incorporated into a geographic information system.
Field trips to the areas where rocks with rock art are located requires a system of planned activities and various stages of registration and documentation.The proposed seminar will take place in two distinct sites. The first site is an area of pictographs in the Soacha region (La Poma Ecological Park) and the petroglyph site is in the town of San Antonio de Tequendama (in Laguneta and Santandercito).
The Poma Ecological Park
References to rock art in this area are very old and correspond to the 19th century, derived certainly from the Corographic Commission documents (1850-59), that appeared in the Liborio Zerda Album. One of these is found in the Hacienda de Cincha, Potrero del Rodeo, where there are 45 rocks with pictographs; some of which were registered during the first years of the 20th century by Miguel Triana (Jeroglifico Chibcha). This zone has been studied in relation to ancient populations and its climate by Van der Hammen and Correal (1967). Actually it has all the chronological-stratigraphical sequences from the age of the hunter-gatherers to contemporary times.
Laguneta and Santandercito
In 1980 the Gipri group initiated investigations in a town called San Antonio de Tequendama when they documented the Piedra de la Risa in the San Rafael farm. The thematic structure of this site and its composition produced a great number questions during the investigations about the peopling of nearby areas. In 1996 registration and documentation of rock art in the El Colegio township area was initiated. In 2005 an advance report was published about the 1800 rocks with petrogyphs found after investigating only 40% of the township.
The high concentration of rock art found and the current possibility of documenting the area surrounding the Sabana of Bogota has made it possible to formulate new ideas for investigation.The theoretical systems used and the techniques applied to rock art study permit the GIPRI group to formulate the proposal for a seminar-workshop to prepare investigators and increase not only the registrations but to receive comments produced during the process regarding new methods of future investigation.
Activities and general program The Rock Art Investigation Seminar-Workshop is focused on an intensive introductory course within a larger program to be planned and expanded upon to train new investigators. During each future workshop session various aspects of the program will be amplified, but during the initial course the emphasis will be on generalities.
Registration methods –The attendees will be shown the registration method used in Colombia for the visual description of rock art sites, the description of the rock art motifs, the composition of the substrata, and its place in the site, all used as a basis for various aspects of the registration system (Methodological Model).
Theoretical problems regarding resource material -This theme will mention recent international publications that summarize the various current debates. The group will show the attendees the available texts presented during various international presentations, where objections concerning traditional interpretations will be presented concerning the meaning and function of rock art. This discussion will focus on the historical objections regarding chronological-stylistic systems and traditional rock art classifications.
-A general bibliography will be distributed during the seminar, along with information regarding the registry topic, and other topics and interpretations regarding international and national rock art. This material will be in the form of printed General Program
11-13 July. Field trip and registration at Poma Park rock art site (Pictographs).
14-16 July. Field trip to the San Antonio de Tequendama township, in areas called Arracachal and El Charquito (Registration of petroglyphs).
The attendees will participate in all the activities, in small groups to be assigned different tasks that will be presented at the end of the workshop on 16 and 17 July. The leaders of the each group will present a summary of their works, and also will present their proposals for the future: Publications, International bulletins, Continuity of the themes, New processes and registry systems, etc.
After each of the day long field trips, there will be discussion seminars and conferences about Archaeology, Rock Art in Colombia and in other parts of the world (Italy, Chile, Canada and India).
The materials and texts produced will be submitted to discussion during these final sessions and will accompany the final publicized versions.
Possible future topics:
-Continuation of the registration of the Poma and San Antonio de Tequendama areas (new technologies and processes)
–History of Investigation
-Studies of alterations and conservation in the study zones
-Methods of digital manipulation